Among the elderly, friendships can provide links to the larger community, serve as a protective factor against depression and loneliness, and compensate for potential losses in social support previously given by family members.
Establishing good friendships at a young age helps a child to be better acclimated in society later on in their life. Two researchers have even termed friendship networks a "behavioral vaccine " that boosts both physical and mental health. Most children with Down syndrome may prefer to watch other students and play alongside a friend but not with them, mostly because they understand more than they can outwardly express.
Work friendships often take on a transactional feel; it is difficult to say where networking ends and real friendship begins.
Additionally, they are more likely to be close friends of other children with some sort of a disability. They experience a language delay causing them to have a harder time playing with other children. Most of the studies in this area are large prospective studies that follow people over time, and while there may be a correlation between the two variables friendship and health statusresearchers still do not know if there is a Geopolitics in asia essay and effect relationship, such as the notion that good friendships actually improve health.
Conversely, loneliness and a lack of social supports have been linked to an increased risk of heart diseaseviral infectionsand canceras well as higher mortality rates overall. EthologyAltruism in animalsand Sociobiology A man with a squirrel Friendship is also found among animals of higher intelligence, such as Geopolitics in asia essay mammals and some birds.
Paraprofessionals, specifically one-on-one aides and classroom aides, are often placed with children with autism spectrum disorders in order to facilitate friendships and guide the child in making and maintaining substantial friendships.
Research within the past four decades has now consistently found that older adults reporting the highest levels of happiness and general well being also report strong, close ties to numerous friends.
However, no similar effect was observed for males. Cross-species friendships may also occur between two non-human animals, such as dogs and cats. A number of theories have attempted to explain this link. Childhood[ edit ] Childhood friends The understanding of friendship in children tends to be more heavily focused on areas such as common activities, physical proximity, and shared expectations.
Additionally, older adults in declining health who remain in contact with friends show improved psychological well-being. In preschool years, children with Down syndrome can benefit from the classroom setting, surrounded by other children and less dependent on adult aid.
Cross-species friendships are common between humans and domestic animals. At school, ensuring an inclusive environment in the classroom can be difficult, but proximity to close friends can be crucial for social development.
Findings indicated that adolescents were less likely to engage in problem behavior when their friends did well in school, participated in school activities, avoided drinking, and had good mental health.
They gain the ability to empathize with their friends, and enjoy playing in groups. Such children are more at risk because they have as many of the rituals and lack of social skills as children with full autism, but they are more likely to be mainstreamed in school, since they are on the higher-functioning end of the autism spectrum.
The opposite was found regarding adolescents who did engage in problematic behavior. Research by McLennan measured the heart rates of cattleand showed that the cows were more stressed when alone or with an unfamiliar cow than they were with friends, lending support to the idea that cows are social animals, capable of forming close bonds with each other.
The disruption of friendships has been associated with increased guiltanger and depressionand may be highly stressful events, especially in childhood. Children with autism have more difficulty attending to social cuesand so may not always recognize when they are being bullied.
Whether adolescents were influenced by their friends to engage in problem behavior depended on how much they were exposed to those friends, and whether they and their friendship groups "fit in" at school. Children with this disability benefit from a variety of interactions with both adults and children.
They also experience peer rejection as they move through the middle childhood years.
Although males and females tend to report comparative levels of satisfaction with their friendships. Children with autism have been found to be more likely to be close friends of one person, rather than having groups of friends.
However, potential negative effects can be mitigated if the dissolution of a friendship is replaced with another close relationship. This satisfaction is associated with an increased ability to accomplish activities of daily livingas well as a reduced decline in cognitive abilitiesdecreased instances of hospitalization, and better outcomes related to rehabilitation.Friendship is a relationship of mutual affection between people.
Friendship is a stronger form of interpersonal bond than an association. Friendship has been studied in academic fields such as communication, sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and killarney10mile.coms academic theories of friendship have been proposed, including. The European Miracle: Environments, Economies and Geopolitics in the History of Europe and Asia 3rd Edition.Download