All these theories essentially reformulate the partition theory of questions in the format of an update semantics Veltman If so, what does it denote? There are many inquisitive question meanings that do not have this special property.
Until one specifies a contrast class, van Fraassen argues, a particular why-question has not been identified or posed. The meaning of a question, then, is a function from worlds to propositions.
In both cases, the meaning of a question is fully determined by—and could be identified with—the set of all Philosophy quiz questions that correspond to a possible answer. Brombergerargues that 22 does not count as a correct answer to 21 on his theory in part because the following is not an abnormic law: Assuming that wh-complements are meaningful units of the sentences in which they occur, one option Groenendijk and Stokhof is to take wh-complements to denote individual propositions.
The interested reader is referred to Ciardelli et al. The general conclusion that has been drawn from this problem, as discussed in detail by Ciardelli and Roelofsenis that question meanings cannot be suitably modeled in terms of indifference relations, even if these indifference relations are allowed to be non-transitive.
When the third presupposition fails, the why-question has no answer even if it arises. By asking 30bon the other hand, one requests an answer that highlights the differences between the way in which reptiles reproduce and the ways in which mammals and birds reproduce.
Note that in this information state none of the atomic sentences is known to hold. University of Pittsburgh Press, pp. Bromberger supposes that 15 is the general form of a why-question: In this case it appears that the asker is requesting an answer that highlights factors that distinguish the alcoholism of the person to whom the question is addressed from that of the others in the group.
So the meaning of a question can be identified with a set of propositions which form a partition of the logical space. The Uegaki manuscript listed below under Other Internet Resources provides an overview of recent work on the semantics of responsive predicates generally and is organized around four approaches: How do DNA molecules in contrast to molecules of benzene and hexane replicate?
Having found examples in which how-questions have contrast value 1, Cross argues that why-questions, too, can presuppose that the other members of their contrast classes are true.
By what process How do DNA molecules replicate? Groenendijk and Stokhof provide a rich source of examples of intuitively valid and invalid inferences involving wh-complements, such as the following intuitively valid inference Quiz & Worksheet - The Philosophy of Science Quiz; Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about underlying questions of science's philosophy What is The Philosophy.
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