The more risk factors that a youth experiences, the more likely he or she is to join a gang. During the s, prison gangs in Cape TownSouth Africa began recruiting street gang members from outside and helped increase associations between prison and street gangs.
Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada, Fear of crime and Violence Gang violence refers mostly to the illegal and non-political acts of violence perpetrated by gangs against civilians, other gangs, law enforcement officers, firefighters, or military personnel.
International Comparisons of Children and Youth in Organized Armed Violence studied ten cities worldwide and found that in eight of them, "street gangs had strong links to prison gangs".
Protective factors and prevention In addition to preventing youth from joining gangs, it is important to reduce membership duration for youth who belong to a gang and to provide appropriate services drug treatment, employment and educational opportunities once they leave the gang.
Protective factors are positive influences that mitigate the impact of risk factors and decrease the likelihood of problem behaviour.
Black and Hispanic gangs formed during the s in the USA often adapted nationalist rhetoric. Wortley, Scot and Julian Tanner. Most gangs operate informally with leadership falling to whomever takes control; others have distinct leadership and are highly structured, which resembles more or less a business or corporation.
Adapted from Howell Many of these services also permit users to send and receive private messages and talk in private chat rooms.
Such individuals are often experiencing low levels of these various factors in their own lives, feeling ostracized from their community and lacking social support. Focus on Youth Gangs. The study neither War nor Peace: Gangs use the Internet to communicate with each other, facilitate criminal activity, spread their message and culture around the nation.
As Internet pages like MySpace, YouTube, Twitter, AIM, and Facebook become more popular, law enforcement works to understand how to conduct investigations related to gang activity in an online environment. A community development process.
Community Solutions to Gang Violence CSGV This initiative is most concerned with young people who come together to engage in profit-driven criminal activity and violence. Prison gangs are groups in prison or correctional institution  for mutual protection and advancement. The cliques typically bring more territory to a gang as they expand and recruit new members.
These are fluid categories, and women often change status as they move between them. Gang cohesion, culture and lifestyle are also important considerations. However debate persists over the extent and nature of gang activity in the UK,   with some academics and policy-makers arguing that the current focus is inadvisable, given a lack of consensus over the relationship between gangs and crime.Why Young People Join Gangs.
Gang members join a gang by either committing a crime or undergoing an initiation procedure wherein they are beaten by fellow gang members to test their courage and fighting ability. Conclusion. Understanding why some young people join gangs while others do not is key to effective prevention efforts.
Current research suggests the need to address specific risk factors that lead youth to violence and gangs.
Socioeconomic status can encompass quality of life attributes as well as the opportunities and privileges afforded to people within society.
affecting all levels of income, education and occupation. violence at the community level is especially useful because adjustments at this level often affect a large number of individuals.
Factors. Why Do Youth Join Gangs? Decker and Van Winkle () view joining youth gangs as consisting of both pulls and pushes. Pulls pertain to the attractiveness of the gang. Factors affecting tax compliant attitude in Africa: Evidence from Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa criminal gangs in exchange for protection, reduces individual’s tax compliant attitude.
individuals in order to avoid direct implication of “wrongdoing” by the respondent. In the. The numerous push factors experienced by at-risk individuals vary situationally, but follow a common theme of the desire for power, respect, money, and protection.
These desires are very influential in attracting individuals to join gangs, and their influence is particularly strong on at-risk youth. Gang defectors are often subject to.Download